The inguinal canal is the base junction that connects the abdomen and the thighs and lies in the groin. Inguinal hernia is a condition occurs when the abdominal tissues pushes through the weakest speck of the inguinal canal. Inguinal hernia occurs in both men and women and has specific functions. In men, the inguinal canal makes the passage for the spermatic cord to the testis. In women, the ligament that supports the uterus is present in the inguinal canal. Inguinal hernia causes bulges in the canal leading to pain and discomfort during movement. They are visible as a bulge in the public areas.
The inguinal hernia can be classified into following:\
Inguinal hernia symptoms include:
Symptoms of an incarcerated or strangulated hernia include:
Some of the factors that lead to inguinal hernia are discussed below:
Laparoscopic inguinal hernia surgery can be performed that is minimally invasive with less pain and discomfort. The surgeon initiates the surgery by administering a dose of general anesthetic to relax the muscles and to put the patient in sleep like state. The surgeon makes a small incision in the abdomen and is inflated with air to get a clear view of the internal abdominal cavity. A laparoscope (a thin long tube with a camera attached to its end) is inserted through the incision that allows the surgeon to view enlarged images of the organs and abdominal cavity that is connected through the monitor. After inspection, more incisions are made and other surgical repairing tools are inserted through the incisions into the abdominal cavity. A mesh is positioned in the weak spot of the inguinal canal to reinforce the abdominal wall. Later the incision are stitched and closed.
Laparoscopic inguinal hernia surgery can be categorized into two techniques:
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