Bariatrics deals with obesity - the cause of obesity, prevention of obesity, and treatment of obesity.
Bariatric Surgery or Weight Loss Surgery is a surgery performed on the stomach and/or intestines to assist people suffering with obesity or overweight in losing weight. Bariatric Surgery has two objectives, to achieve a healthy weight and to maintain that healthy weight.
Obesity and overweight have in the last decade become a global problem and is a rising medical problem. Obesity raises concern because of its implications for the health. Obesity increases the risk of many diseases and health conditions. These include:
Obesity and Overweight definitely has detrimental health effects. People with BMI (Body Mass Index) exceeding the normal range has much greater risk of medical issues.
The first-line treatments of obesity and overweight include diet, excercise, behaviour therapy, and anti-obesity drugs. But for severe obesity this has limited success and success for long term is very poor. Weight loss surgery or bariatric surgery results in greater weight loss than these conventional treatments. Weight loss surgery can improve the quality of life and bring improvement in obesity related diseases (hypertension, diabetes mellitus, etc).
Bariatric Surgery helps in lowering the risk of stroke and mycardial infarction (heart attack) in patients suffering with type 2 diabetes and severe obesity according to a study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA).
The study was conducted to investigate the relationship between bariatric surgery and incident macrovascular (coronary artery disease and cerebrovascular diseases) events in patients with severe obesity and type 2 diabetes. This observational study concluded that patients with type 2 diabetes and severe obesity who underwent bariatric surgery, compared to those who did not undergo surgery, bariatric surgery was associated with a lower risk of macrovascular outcomes.